Everything you need to know about growing myrtle

May 19, 2016

Looking for an aromatic plant to grow in your garden? Here are some useful facts about the cultivation of myrtle.

Everything you need to know about growing myrtle
  • Common myrtle is native to the Mediterranean, and south-west Europe.
  • It's a shrub or small tree with oval, glossy and fragrant tough leaves.
  • Its small white fragrant flowers are a light central tuft of stamens and are followed by blue-black resinous berries one centimetre in diameter.

1. Gardening

  • In our regions of cold winters, grow myrtle in a pot or in a sheltered place, such as a greenhouse.
  • Opt for dwarf or variegated forms, less robust, but more ornamental, if you want to put them in your indoor gardens away from the frost.
  • Put a few sprigs on roasted meats or barbecue, near the end of cooking to add a spicy note.

2. Varieties

  • "Flore Plena" with its dual flower is a rarity; the dwarf myrtle ( Myrtus communis compacta), also known as "Nana", "Microphylla" or "Jenny Reitenbach") is perfect for topiaries, with its small and dense foliage, and white fruits.
  • 'Variegata' has leaves edged in white.

3. Location

  • Myrtle needs sun and well-drained soil, limestone neutral.
  • It tolerates drought.
  • Most myrtles hold out at -10 ° C (14 ° F), but the variegated forms do not withstand temperatures below -5 ° C (23 ° F).

4. Multiplication

  • Sow in autumn.
  • Perform semi-hardwoodcuttings for varieties with specific names during the summer.

5. Maintenance

  • Prune in spring to give them shape, before the arrival of new shoots.
  • Repot and fertilize potted plants in the spring.
  • Add some fertilizer every month.
  • Water when soil is dry to the touch.

6. Pests and diseases

  • Plants grown inside the home can be attacked by caterpillars of some butterflies.

7. Harvesting and conservation

  • You can air dry the buds, flowers, fruits and leaves.
  • Entire branches are distilled to obtain the essential oil used in perfumery, aromatherapy and in products for the skin.
The material on this website is provided for entertainment, informational and educational purposes only and should never act as a substitute to the advice of an applicable professional. Use of this website is subject to our terms of use and privacy policy.
Close menu