Essential advice on avoiding gum disease

December 4, 2013

Healthy gums are also part of a radiant smile. Here are a few pointers to help you keep away from gum disease.

Did you know that gum disease is the most widespread dental problem among adults? Gum disease develops over the years, and if left untreated it can have disastrous effects, including loss of teeth. Fortunately, a good way to avoid it is through prevention.

Essential advice on avoiding gum disease

Regular dental exams

Regular dental exams and cleanings are necessary, even if you brush your teeth twice a day and floss on a daily basis. In fact, gum disease is not always easy to detect. It develops slowly and painlessly.

Your dentist is your most important ally in the fight against gum disease. At twice-yearly appointments, he or she will check your gums, monitor the effectiveness of your home dental hygiene routine, and make you aware of any vulnerable areas that could lead to gum disease.

The symptoms

Healthy gums are pink, firm, and free of inflammation. As well, they resist bleeding when you brush your teeth or floss. In contrast, the following symptoms could indicate the presence of gum disease:

  • painful gums
  • sensitive teeth
  • a reddening of the gums along the gum line
  • chronic bad breath
  • bleeding gums

Various treatments                       

Consult a dentist immediately if you present any of the above symptoms. With a good exam and early treatment, your chances of recovering healthy gums are very good. Your dentist will check several points during the exam. Using a periodontal probe, he or she will measure the distance between the point of attachment of the tooth and the gum. A deep point of attachment is a sign of infection. An x-ray will help evaluate the bone mass surrounding the teeth.

Fortunately, it is possible to treat gum disease when it is diagnosed early. Gingivitis, a very common gum disease, can be treated by cleaning the hardened tartar located at the point of attachment of the teeth to the gums.


In cases of severe gum disease, the patient could be referred to a periodontist. A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the treatment of gum disease and the restoration of bone and gingival tissue that has been destroyed by infection. The periodontist can diagnose and provide treatments linked with gum problems, tooth loss, and skin lesions located in the mouth.

The material on this website is provided for entertainment, informational and educational purposes only and should never act as a substitute to the advice of an applicable professional. Use of this website is subject to our terms of use and privacy policy.
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