Easy composting tips your should know

July 28, 2015

Composting is a green way to turn your organic waste into the nutrient-rich soil your garden requires. Here are some composting tips you should know.

Easy composting tips your should know

Getting started the right way

Compost can be made in a heap, piled on ground that has been well forked over, but a bin is more convenient and gives better results.

  • This can be made of plastic or from slats of wood as a one metre (three foot) cube.
  • It takes up to a year for garden waste to rot down to usable compost, so ideally you will need three bins: one filling, one rotting and one with well-rotted compost, ready for use.
  • Many plastic bins have a flap at the base for access to the ready-to-use compost, while you continue to add fresh waste at the top.

What can you compost?

  • The best compost is made from quick-rotting green waste — vegetable peelings, grass cuttings and soft-stemmed annual weeds — plus an equal quantity of more fibrous material, such as trimmings of garden plants.
  • If you can, add them in alternate layers, chopping or discarding any thick woody stems that will be slow to rot.
  • Don't add a lot of grass cuttings all at once: try layering them with shredded newspaper.As it rots, turn the heap a few times, ideally into a second bin, or simply into a pile and then back into the original bin.
  • If it's slimy or smelly, add some straw or newspaper. If it doesn't seem to be rotting, add more green matter, a compost accelerator or sulphate of ammonia from the garden centre.

What not to compost

  • Perennial weeds, such as couch grass and convolvulus, will grow from the smallest pieces of root left in compost. Put them in a strong plastic bag with grass mowings or soft annual weeds, tie the bag and leave for at least six months. They can then be added safely to your compost heap.
  • Burn diseased plants or take them to your recycling centre.

Making leaf mold

Decomposed leaves make an excellent soil improver, but they can take two years to rot in a compost heap. Try these methods instead.

  • Put leaves into heavy-duty plastic bags, punch holes in the sides, tie them and leave for a year. If necessary, allow another six months before using.
  • To speed rotting, spread leaves out on the lawn and mow them with a rotary mower to chop them up before packing them into bags.

Composting is an easy and eco-friendly way to reuse your waste. Keep these tips in mind and get started today!

The material on this website is provided for entertainment, informational and educational purposes only and should never act as a substitute to the advice of an applicable professional. Use of this website is subject to our terms of use and privacy policy.
Close menu